Gagne's 9 Events of Instruction

Important points for designing an e-Learning Course.

Are you stuck or facing any problems in the field of Instructional Designing and e-Learning Course Development? Then is article is for you.

This article is about the “Events of Instructions” by Robert Gagne, which can be adapted to develop an e-Learning Course with optimal performance output.

Let us have a basic introduction about the famous psychologist, Robert Gagne.
Robert Gagne, an educational psychologist, identified the mental conditions for learning and published the book “The Conditions of Learning” in 1965. These were based on the information processing model of the mental events that occur when adults are presented with various stimuli.

Gagne framed the events of instruction, a nine-step process which correlate to and address the conditions of learning.
Keeping these stages in mind as you plan for a class session or online module can give your lesson plans a strong foundation.

How to Apply?
The following information includes an explanation of each of the nine events as well as examples of how an instructor may apply the Nine Events of Instruction in the development and instruction of a course.

Gain Attention
Obtain students’ attention through: 

*. Ice breaker activities
*. Current news and events
*. Case studies
*. Videos
*. Interactivities and surveys
*. Discussion board for current news and events

Notify Learners of Objectives
Allow students to organize their thoughts and prioritize their attention regarding what they are about to learn and do by including Learning Objectives in:

*. Lecture slides
*. Syllabus
*. Introductory course materials
*. Instructions for activities, projects, papers 

Stimulate Recall of Prior Learning
Encourage students to build on previous knowledge or skills by:

*. Recalling events from previous lectures,
*. Integrating results of activities into the current topic
*. Relating previous information to the current topic 

Present the Content
Show and explain the material for students to learn. This can be done through:

*. Lecture, readings, activities, multimedia
*. Learning Management System
*. Face to face courses
*. Interactive tools like discussion boards, wikis, blogs, and polls 

Provide Learning Guidance
Provide students with instructions on how to learn, by including detailed information for projects and activities, expectations, instructions, and timelines.

Elicit Performance (Practice) 
Allow students to apply knowledge and skills learned. Encourage students to apply what they are learning in group or individual projects and activities, written assignments, lab practicals, and so on.

Provide feedback
Students feedback on individualized tasks helps to correct problems. Feedback on isolated problem is provided through:

*. Detailed feedback on assignments
*. Tools such as Turnitin or change tracking in a word processor to quickly give        feedback to large audiences
*. Provide feedback to discussion boards in online courses
*. Utilize peer-evaluation and self-evaluation or self-assessment methods 

Assess performance
Help students identify content areas they have not mastered.

*. Utilize a variety of assessment methods including exams/quizzes, written assignments, projects, and so on. Utilize rubrics when grading activities that are not standard exam and quiz questions
*. Ensure that students have practiced and received feedback prior to high-stakes assessments 

Enhance Retention and Transfer to the Job
Prepare students to apply information to personal contexts to provide opportunity to:

*. Relate course work to their personal experiences
*. Discuss in small groups
*. Reflect the learnt content
*. Create a reference for their future selves 


Robert Gagne has framed these 9 events to enhance and empower the training systems and methods to achieve effective results. Today, several companies started to implement and adhere to these events / steps for training their workforce and progress their performance as a whole.

This post was drafted by Self-E e-Learning Developers, an Instructional Designing, e-Learning Course Designing & Developing firm, with enthusiastic professionals with expertise.

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